عنوان مقاله [English]
The emergence of different points of view from the commentators of Fariqin regarding the interpretation of verse 32 of Surah Fater indicates that it is a challenge to understand its various passages. The present article, which was compiled in a documentary and analytical-descriptive manner; while expressing Ayatollah Javadi Amoli's point of view in order to explain the meaning of the words "Summa = ثم ", "Orathna = أورثنا ", "Kitab = کتاب ", and "Estafaina = إصطفینا " that mentioned in this verse and the interpretation of its various passages, it is aimed to compare the attitudes of the commentators. to analyze the parties in the mentioned directions as well. The results of this research indicate that they believe that what is meant by "the book" is the Qur'an and what is meant by "the inheritors of the book" is "those who have resigned= الَّذینَ اصْطَفَیْنا " which has three clans: "the oppressors of the soul= ظالِمٌ لِنَفْسِهِ", "the moderate= مُقْتَصِدٌ". And they are "former benefactors= سابِقٌ بِالْخَیْراتِ". "Operators of the soul" those who have no knowledge of Imam and they are air-oriented, and "conservative" are those who have knowledge about Imam and are heart oriented, and "former benefactors" are pioneers who always move on the axis of the will of God Almighty, They have passed the stages of human perfection safely and have reached the stage of pious Imamate by the grace of God. They consider the imams of Athar to be examples of "former benefactors" and indeed inheritors of the Qur'an, and the rest of the nation also benefits from the Holy Qur'an in the light of their knowledge.
قرآن کریم، ترجمه فولادوند، محمدمهدی(1418ق): قم: دفتر مطالعات تاریخ و معارف اسلامی