نوع مقاله : مقاله ترویجی
1 دانشیار گروه علوم قرآن وحدیث، دانشکده الهیات دانشگاه الزهراء(س) ،تهران، ایران
2 دانشجوی دکتری علوم قرآن وحدیث دانشگاه کاشان،کاشان،ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Ahl-e-taqwā (اهل التقوی) is known as "muttaqin" in the Qur'anic terms, is a frequently used term in the Holy Quran with a specific semantic background. Reviewing the wide range of meanings associated with the concept of "muttaqin" in the Holy Qur'an and analyzing the structure and the context of verses focused on the concept of " taqwā " would lead to a true and comprehensive understanding of the Qur'anic verses. Extracting the structural understanding of "muttaqin" based on the situated conceptualization as well as referring to the hadiths, this inquiry aims to address the raised question which Qur'anic terms and concepts have semantic relations with "Muttaqin"? Studying the literal meaning of "taqwā" in the Holy Qur'an and based on descriptive-analytical method reveals that it includes meanings such as preservation, protection, fear, caution, and avoidance. Through the analysis of the syntagmatic concepts and their usage, we figure out that the term encompasses various meanings from fearing the divine punishment to the inspiration of good social concepts such as justice, speaking the right words, and avoiding rebellion or prejudice. In the context of the Qur'anic surahs, "taqwā" is an all-encompassing term that embodies all that is good and avoids all that is bad. Notably, the term "Ahl-e-taqwā" is not only used in the Holy Qur'an to summon the pious, but also the pagans.