نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه تفسیر و علوم قرآن، جامعة المصطفی العالمیه، قم، ایران
2 طلبه سطح 4(مدرس و پژوهشگر)، رشته تفسیر تطبیقی، جامعة الزهرا (س)، قم، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Scientific comprehensiveness is an essential principle in Quran interpretation. Each of the Shiite commentators tends to adopt a particular interpretation by citing evidence in each area of comprehensiveness. It has raised questions regarding the positions of Ayatollah Javadi and Ayatollah Ma'refat on the scientific comprehensiveness of the Quran. This is based on their detailed and serious contributions to this discussion. The present paper explores this issue through a comparative analysis of the transmission and processing of information. Based on the research findings, both contemporary Qur'anic personalities accepted the scientific comprehensiveness of the Qur'an and provided comments on it. Ayatollah Javadi believes that the Qur'an's inherent scientific comprehensiveness results from the fact that all sciences are effective in achieving happiness both in this world and the afterlife, while the Qur'an was revealed for human happiness; Therefore, the maximum comprehensiveness of the Qur'an is acceptable under the following two conditions; Firstly, Qur'an guidelines should include the appearance, interior, reduction, and interpretation of the book; Secondly, these guidelines must be provided by the infallible. No one should expect the Quran to cover all sciences equally, or that we can derive details about all sciences from it. Although his principle is provable, some weaknesses exist. However, Ayatollah Ma'refat acknowledges the scientific comprehensive nature of the Qur'an through certain branches of science. By criticizing opposing views on comprehensiveness and religious belief, he tries to prove his theory and argues that the Qur'an cannot be used to extract all sciences; rather, it is a scientific reference whose reliability is unquestionable because of its comprehensiveness.
قرآن کریم، ترجمهی آیتالله ناصر مکارم شیرازی(1373): انتشارات دفتر مطالعات تاریخ و معارف اسلامی، قم، چاپدوم.
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