عنوان مقاله [English]
The existence of some false narrations called the Isra'iliyyats on those verses of the Holy Qur'an, which portray the prophets and prophecies of the Prophet as a model of complete humanity, have more destructive effects than other verses of the Qur'an. Since it not only causes some misunderstanding and deviation from the noble religion of Islam, it also will result in the lack of a proper use of the applied patterns introduced in the Holy Qur'an. These narratives, which are often aimed to destroy the infallibility of the great prophets, ultimately play a fundamental role to ruin the patterns and civilization of Islam, and are to disrupt social development and propagations of religion.
In this article, some of the Isra'iliyyats about the life and conduct of one of these divine prophets has been analyzed using a critical approach, firstly, to draw a comprehensive pattern of his personality as a perfect man's examples. Secondly, a rational-Quranic method is used to criticize the narratives (traditions), based on the theory of the supply of traditions on the Holy Qur'an. The explanation of the necessity of such research is the silence of some commentators quoting these narratives and drafting of weak arguments in their critique, which still leaves room for the restoration of these traditions. In this study, the fake and Isra'iliyyat accounts of the life of Prophet Solomon (AS) have been criticized by the Quranic intellectual approach.