عنوان مقاله [English]
Verse 18 of Surah Al-Imran "Shahed-Allah testifies that there is no God but He, and the angels, and the first of all knowledge, standing in the first place", which raises the issue of God's testimony of monotheism, can be interpreted in three levels of oral, actual, and inherent testimony. Allameh Tabatabai believes verbal testimony and Ayatollah Javadi believes intrinsic testimony. Allameh Tabatabai's answer to the distant doubt about promised martyrdom is incomplete and distorted, and on the other hand, Allameh Javadi's view on inherent martyrdom is based on rational and philosophical foundations such as the infinite existence of God and the rule of the simple truth of all things and licks besheh minah and also It is in harmony with the principles of mysticism and the principle of unity of existence, and some other verses confirm itSuch as verses 53 and 54 of Surah Al-Fashlat, verse 115 of Surah Al-Baqarah and verse 33 of Surah Yas, as well as all the verses that introduce creatures as signs and signs of God. Although the phrase Qaima Balqast is also compatible with the current testimony, it is more appropriate with the inherent testimony. In this article, by explaining the mentioned points and by analyzing and criticizing the bases and reasons of Allameh Tabatabai's and Ayatollah Javadi's views, the interpretation of Allameh Javadi is preferred.