عنوان مقاله [English]
The present article, with a descriptive-comparative method, seeks to examine the views of Allameh Tabatabai and Fakhr Razi and Alusi in the interpretation of the verses of "Mawdat and Oli al-Amr". In verse 23 of the Shura, " Mawdat" is love accompanied by obedience. According to these three commentators, the " Mawdat" of the Ahl al-Bayt (AS) is one of the principles of religion; Because this " Mawdat" causes obedience to the Ahl al-Bayt (AS) and a means to continue the work of the mission of the Prophet (PBUH). It will also be the best factor in the unity of the Muslims of the world. According to the verse "Oli al-Amr", obedience to the words, behavior and approval of the Prophet is during obedience to God, and in the continuation, the application of the word "command" proves the infallibility of the "Oli al-Amr" and indicates the necessity of obedience to him. In the Shiite view, obedience to the "Oli al-Amr" encompasses all aspects of sovereignty, including political, social, and judicial sovereignty. But Sunni commentators differ greatly in determining the meaning of the "Oli al-Amr". Hence the example of it; Rulers, warlords, religious scholars and jurists are considered to be righteous caliphs and people of authorized to loose and to bind. According to Fakhr al-Razi, the family of Muhammad is the same as the five members of the "Aale Abba", and to prove this point, he cites the narrations attributed to the Prophet (PBUH) and the Imams (AS). But Alusi considers the addressees of the verse "Mowdat" to be the Quraysh and the relatives of the Prophet (PBUH). According to Fakhr Razi and Alusi, the verse "Oli al-Amr" proves the authority of "Qiyas" and Shari'a arguments (book, tradition, consensus and Qiyas).