عنوان مقاله [English]
In the common Christian view, some religious teachings should be accepted and believed only through "divine revelation", independent of "rational" considerations. The historical background of the correction of this idea of Christianity dates back to the time of the revelation of the verses of the Qur'an that the Holy Qur'an did not accept any polytheism, believe in Allah is the Messiah, or Jesus is the Son of God, and the idea of the Trinity as blasphemy. The Qur'an describes Jesus as only a "man", a righteous servant, the word and spirit of God; Thus, the idea of the "trinity" is completely rejected from the perspective of the Qur'an; The intellect also does not accept Jesus (pbuh), who had a human life like other human beings, as God or his child; Because having a child requires God to have a body, a need and an impossible thing. Thus, the belief in the "incarnation," or "the redemption of Christ to atone for the sin of mankind," or the "refuge of the Holy Spirit" in him, - on which the irrational foundation is based, - is also unacceptable. This article, by examining the revelation and rationality of the most important religious beliefs of contemporary Christianity from the perspective of the Qur'an and reason, has descriptively analyzed them. The findings of this study show that according to the Qur'anic teachings and rational principles, Jesus (pbuh) is a creature, a servant of God and a prophet with a miracle that has called human beings to pure monotheism and servitude to God Almighty.